Dr. Ruth Waitzberg

Ruth Waitzberg

Research Scholar, Health Team (Systems Group)

Health Policy

Research scholar, Health Team, Systems Group, the Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute (MJB), Israel’s leading center for applied social research.

Dr. Ruth Waitzberg has worked at MJB since 2010. Her primary research areas are: payment to health providers and financial incentives, health insurance, service organization, health and long-term nursing care systems, and international comparisons.

Ruth is Israel’s national representative to the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies. Originally from Brazil, Ruth is proficient in several languages, which she puts to excellent use networking with other health policy professionals at the annual Observatory conferences, where she meets with colleagues to share her experience and gain new insights on pressing policy challenges in Israel. Ruth also provides regular updates to The Health Systems and Policy Monitor on Israel’s health reforms and policy changes, and she authors professional publications, such as Health Systems in Transition, a review that provides a detailed description of the country’s health system and of reform and policy initiatives in progress or under development. Ruth edits for two journals: Health Policy Open and Israel Journal of Health Policy Research.

Ruth is a research fellow at the Technische Universität Berlin. She holds a BA in sociology, anthropology and political science and an MA in public policy, both from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and a joint PhD in Health Systems Management from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and the Technical University of Berlin (TU Berlin).

She can be contacted at [email protected]

Journal Articles

Waitzberg, R., Allin, S., Grignon, M., Ljungvall, Å., Habimana, K., Kantaris, M., Thomas, S., & Rice, T. (2024). Mitigating the regressivity of private mechanisms of financing healthcare: An Assessment of 29 countries. Health Policy, 143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2024.105058

Rosen, B., Hartal, M., & Waitzberg, R. (2024). The Israeli health system’s rapid responses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, 13, 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-024-00596-x

Ash, N., Triki, N., & Waitzberg, R. (2023). The COVID-19 pandemic posed many dilemmas for policymakers, which sometimes resulted in unprecedented decision-makingIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research, 12, 13. doi.org/10.1186/s13584-023-00564-x

Breuer, R. M., Waitzberg, R., Breuer, A., Cram, P., Bryndova, L., Williams, G. A., … & Rose, A. J. (2023). Work like a Doc: A comparison of regulations on residents’ working hours in 14 high-income countriesHealth Policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2023.104753

Cacace, M., Böcken, J., Edquist, K., Klenk, T., Martinez-Jimenez, M., Preusker, U., Vrangbaek, K., & Waitzberg, R. (2023). Coping with COVID-19: The role of hospital care structures and capacity expansion in five countriesHealth Economics, Policy and Law, 1-18. doi.org/10.1017/S1744133122000275

Cardinaal, E., Dubas-Jakobczyk, K., Behmane, D., Bryndova, L., Cascini, F., Duighuisen, H., Davidovitch, N., Waitzberg, R., & Jeurissen, P. (2022) Governance of Academic Medical Centres in Changing Healthcare Systems: An International ComparisonHealth policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2022.04.011

Waitzberg, R., Quentin, W., Busse, R., & Greenberg, D. (2022). Dual agency: a fresh perspective to identify dilemma mitigation strategies – a response to the recent commentariesInternational Journal of  Health Policy and  Management. doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2022.7758

Rosenthal, A., & Waitzberg, R. (2022) The challenges brought by the COVID-19 pandemic to health systems exposed pre-existing gaps. Editorial of the special issue: SI: COVID-19 health policies in middle- and low-income countries, Edited by Ruth Waitzberg and Anat Rosenthal. Health Policy Open. doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpopen.2022.100088

Waitzberg, R., Siegel, M., Quentin, W., Busse, R., & Greenberg, D. (2022). It probably worked: a Bayesian approach to evaluating the introduction of activity-based hospital payment in IsraelIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research, 11, 8. doi.org/10.1186/s13584-022-00515-y

Waitzberg, R., Triki, N., Alroy-Preis, S., Lotan, T., Shiran, L., & Ash, N. (2021). The Israeli Experience withthe “Green Pass” Policy Highlights Issues to Be Considered by Policymakers in Other Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), 1212. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111212

Waitzberg, R., Sophie, G., Dimova, A., Bryndová, L., Vrangbæk, K., Jervelund, S. S., Birk, H.O., Rajan, S., Habicht, T., Tynkkynen, L.K., Keskimäki, I., Or, Z., Gandré, C., Winkelmann,J., Ricciardi, W.,  De Belvis, A.G., Poscia, A., Morsella, A.,Slapšinskaitė, A.,… Quentin, W. (2021). Balancing financial incentives during COVID-19: a comparison of provider payment adjustments across 20 countriesHealth Policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2021.09.015

Waitzberg, R., Hernández-Quevedo, C., Bernal-Delgado, E., Estupiñán-Romero, F., Angulo-Pueyo, E., Theodorou, M.,  Kantaris, M., Charalambous, C., Gabriel, E., Economou,C., Kaitelidou, D., Konstantakopoulou, O., Vildiridi, L.V.,  Meshulam,A., De Belvis, A.G., Morsella, A., Bezzina, A., Vincenti, K., Augusto, G.F.,… Maresso, A. (2021). COVID-19 pandemic health system responses in the Mediterranean countries: a tale of successes and challenges. Health Policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2021.10.007

Tille, F., Panteli, D., Fahy, N., Waitzberg, R., Davidovitch, N., & Degelsegger-Márquez, A. (2021). Governing the public-private-partnerships of the future: learnings from the experiences in pandemic timesEurohealth27(1), 49-53.

Waitzberg, R., Gottlieb, N., Quentin, W., Busse, R., & Greenberg, D. (2021). Dual Agency in Hospitals: What Strategies Do Managers and Physicians Apply to Reconcile Dilemmas Between Clinical and Economic Considerations? International Journal of Health Policy and Management. doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2021.87

Rosen, B., Waitzberg, R., Israeli, A., Hartal, M., & Davidovitch, N. (2021). Addressing vaccine hesitancy and access barriers to achieve persistent progress in Israel’s COVID-19 vaccination programIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research, 1043.  doi.org/10.1186/s13584-021-00481-x

Waitzberg, R., Quentin, W., Webb, E., & Glied, S. (2021). The Structure and Financing of Health Care Systems Affected How Providers Coped With COVID-19. The Milbank Quarterly. doi.org/10.1111/1468-0009.12530

Polin, K., Hjortland, M., Maresso, A., van Ginneken, E., Busse, R.,  Quentin, W., & the HSPM network (2021). Major health reforms in 31 high-income countries in 2018 and 2019; expert informed identification, clustering, and analyses over time of” top-three” national reforms. Health Policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2021.04.005

Waitzberg, R., & Davidovitch, N. (2021, February 5). Israel’s vaccination rollout: short term success, but questions for the long runBMJ Opinion. https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2021/02/05/israels-vaccination-rollout-short-term-success-but-questions-for-the-long-run

Rosen, B., Waitzberg, R., & Israeli, A. (2021). Israel’s rapid rollout of vaccinations for COVID-19. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 106. doi.org/10.1186/s13584-021-00440-6

Waitzberg, R., Davidovitch, N., Leibner, G., Penn, N. & Brammli-Greenberg, S. (2020). Israel’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic: tailoring measures for vulnerable cultural minority populationsInternational Journal for  Equity in Health,  19(1), 1-5. doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-01191-7

Waitzberg, R., Quentin, W., Daniels, E.,  Paldi, Y.,  Busse, R.  &  Greenberg, D.  (2020). Effects of Activity-Based Hospital Payments in Israel: A Qualitative Evaluation Focusing on the Perspectives of Hospital Managers and Physicians.  International Journal of  Health Policy  and Management,  x(x), 1-11. doi.org/10.34172/ijhpm.2020.51

Waitzberg, R., Schmidt, A. E., Blümel, M., Penneau, A., Farmakas, A., Ljungvall, Å., … & Vočanec, D. (2020). Mapping variability in allocation of Long-Term Care funds across payer agencies in OECD countries. Health Policy. doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.02.013

Brammli-Greenberg, S., Glazer, J., & Waitzberg, R. (2019). Modest risk-sharing significantly reduces health plans’ incentives for service distortion. The European Journal of Health Economics,  1-16. doi.org/10.1007/s10198-019-01102-w

Waitzberg, R., Quentin, W., Daniels, E., Perman, V., Brammli-Greenberg, S., Busse, R., & Greenberg, D. (2019). The 2010 expansion of activity-based hospital payment in israel: An evaluation of effects at the ward level. BMC Health Services Research, 19(1), 292. doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4083-4

Waitzberg, R., & Merkur, S. (2017). Policy efforts to strengthen public hospitals in Israel. EUROhealth23(4), 34.

Brammli-Greenberg, S., Waitzberg, R., Perman, V., & Gamzu, R. (2016). Why and how did Israel adopt activity-based hospital payment? The procedure-related group incremental reform. Health Policy 120(10), 1171-1176. doi:S0168-8510(16)30213-5

Rosen, B., Waitzberg, R., & Merkur, S. (2015). Israel: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition17(6), 1-212.

Brammli-Greenberg, S., Waitzberg, R., Medina-Artom, T., & Adijes-Toren, A. (2014). Low-budget policy tool to empower Israeli insureds to demand their rights in the healthcare system. Health Policy118(3), 279-284.

Books and Reports

Waitzberg, R.,  &  Shuftan, N. (2022). Health systems in action: Israel. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, WHO Europe. https://eurohealthobservatory.who.int/publications/i/health-systems-in-action-israel-2022

Rosen, B., & Waitzberg, R. (2018). Advancing universal health coverage: What developing countries can learn from the Israeli experience?  Washington, DC.: World Bank.

Book Chapters

Bramli-Greenberg, S., & Waitzberg, R. (2020). Integrating public and private insurance in the Israeli health system: an attempt to reconcile conflicting values. In S. Thomson, A. Sagan, &  E. Mossialos (Eds.), Private Health Insurance: History, Politics and Performance European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, (pp. 264-303). Cambridge University Press. doi.org/10.1017/9781139026468

Ginneken, E, Waitzberg, R. Baenes, A., Quentin, W., Smatana, M. & Rice, T. (2020). Choosing payers: can insurance competition strengthen person-centred care?. In  E. Nolte, R. Osborn, S.  Merkur,  &  A. Anell (Eds.), Achieving Person-Centred Health Systems: Evidence, Strategies and Challenges European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, (pp.  229-258). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108855464.012

Waitzberg, R. & Rosen, B. (2020). Israel healthcare system. In  R. Tikkanen, R. Osborn, E.  Mossialos, A. Djordjevic, & G. A. Wharton (Eds.), International Health Care System Profiles. New York: The Commonwealth Fund.

Rosen, B., & Waitzberg, R. (2017). The Israeli health care system. In E. Mossialos, A. Djordjevic, R. Osborn & D. Sarnak (Eds.), International profiles of health care systems (pp. 85-93). New York: The Commonwealth Fund.

Brammli-Greenberg, S., Waitzberg, R., Perman, V., & Gamzu, R. (2016). How Israel reimburses hospitals based on activity: The procedure-related group (PRG) incremental reform. In OECD (Ed.), Better ways to pay for health care. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Doctoral dissertation

Waitzberg, R. (2021). Procedure-related group based payments in Israel: evaluation of their economic incentives and impact on hospital activities and professionals’ decision making. [Doctoral thesis, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Technische Universität Berlin].  DepositOnce. https://depositonce.tu-berlin.de/handle/11303/13731