Expanding opportunities for employment, vocational training, and career advancement are critical for improving employment for disadvantaged populations such as Arab women, ultra-Orthodox men, and people with disabilities, and for addressing the challenges of poverty and social inequality.
These challenges became particularly significant with the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, when many employees lost their jobs. Many of the newly unemployed hail from the most disadvantaged populations who are expected to have difficulty re-entering the job market.
MJB’s Research Team on Employment is an integral part of the national employment efforts. Its contribution is geared towards identifying trends and new challenges in employment, particularly among its target populations and in various branches of industry.
Systems Research Group Leader and Director of the Smokler Center for Health Policy Research
The study’s objectives are to examine the way the program’s action model has been implemented; its outcomes with relation to its targets; and its impact on the participants’ wages.
This paper reviews the programs implemented by governments in Israel and in English-speaking OECD countries (United States, Australia, New Zealand, England, Canada, Ireland) to address the rise in unemployment caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, with the intention of placing Israeli experience in an international context.
The goals of this study are as follows: to describe the gender wage gaps in Israel in comparison with the other OECD countries and analyze the causes of these gaps; to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date picture of the policy tools used in the OECD to narrow gender wage gaps and their effectiveness in narrowing such gaps; to offer practical recommendations for the application in Israel of the most suitable and effective tools.
The goal of the study was to examine how the pandemic had affected workers and various branches of the economy, to map the challenges and opportunities created by the crisis, and to propose programmatic directions to meet the new employment challenges.