In the past decade, Israel’s employment policy has focused on raising the employment rate. While the overall rate has risen, it remains low among individual populations such as Arab women, ultra-Orthodox men, and people with disabilities. Moreover, even with the rise in the employment rate, Israel’s average wage and productivity are lower than in OECD countries, and wage inequality remains high. For the coming decade, Israel’s employment policy will focus on raising the employment rate of these target populations, advancing the employment of low wage-earners, and improving human capital through skills development and adaptation to frequent changes in the labor market. The Employment Team at the Myers-JDC-Brookdale plays a significant role in the national employment effort to improve economic productivity and reduce poverty and inequality. The team assists policymakers to develop, adopt, and improve employment policies that are informed by comprehensive and objective research.
Background Social isolation and other dramatic steps taken by the Israeli government to slow the spread of COVID-19 in Israel have caused significant damage to the economy. At an aggregate level, the GDP fell at an annual rate of 7% in the first quarter of 2020 and of 29% in the second quarter. A broad […]
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic was highly detrimental to the employment of the Arab population. In March 2020, the proportion of employees who applied to the Employment Service for work was markedly higher among Arabs than among Jews (32% v. 23%).The main reason for this differential was that many Arabs, both men and women, […]
Background Towards the end of 2019 and in early 2020, COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), spread throughout the world. On March 11, 2020, the disease was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization, and this led to unprecedented, rapid and substantial changes in all areas of life. One key area affected […]
The various restrictions imposed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic have limited interpersonal relations in terms of physical meetings and posed unique difficulties and challenges for the government and the authorities, among other things, in the provision and inspection of social services. After a protracted period of crisis, the government and authorities will face the […]